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Scars, how to take care of them?

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 Wounds and scars need specific care in order not to leave permanent marks that are difficult to resolve.

how to care for scars


A scar is nothing more than the trace of an erosion in the skin as a result of a wound, a burn, a cut, a surgical incision... This signal is the final product of the healing process, a natural mechanism that the body sets in motion to close the wound and repair the skin to prevent the tissues from being exposed and exposed to the harmful action of external pathogens.

Healing process

Once the dermis has been injured, the coagulation phase takes place. At this point, platelets and red blood cells are directed to the wound area to form a clot that stops the bleeding. The inflammatory phase follows. In these two or three days, the wound swells hurts and the skin is red while microorganisms that may have entered the area are destroyed. In the next stage, called proliferative, the production of collagen increases to repair the fibers and replace those that have been affected. The edges of the wound become more tense, harden and the first scabs begin to appear.

In the final phase, of remodeling or maturing, the scabs fall off, the inflammation disappears and the skin gradually acquires a clearer and smoother appearance. Progressively, the injured area mimics the surrounding skin and although it may sometimes become virtually imperceptible, in most cases it does not return to be exactly the same as before the injury.

There are several factors that can hinder the healing process and make the final appearance unattractive. However, there are several tips to avoid this.

Scars, how to take care of them?


Cleaning

During the first few days after the skin has been injured, the most important thing is to emphasize keeping the area clean to avoid infection. As a general rule, it is sufficient to wash the wound with soap and water, dry it with a lint-free gauze or cotton, and then apply an antiseptic.

Depending on the extent of the wound and the circumstances of each patient, the doctor may recommend keeping it covered with special gauze to prevent infection by dust, irritants, dirt, soil, scratching ... However, it is best to leave it in the air to accelerate healing.

No smoking

Nicotine and other chemicals present in tobacco promote dehydration and dryness of the skin, which in turn hinders healing as the skin is thinner, brittle, and dry. Also, these compounds reduce the oxygenation of tissues and hinder the synthesis of collagen, essential factors for the regeneration of fibers, and the restoration of the skin.

No sunshine

The skin resulting from the healing process is especially vulnerable to ultraviolet radiation. Thus, exposing the area to the sun without adequate protection leads to hyperpigmentation of the area, which ends up being darker than the surrounding skin. In this way, the area of the scar must be covered with physical barriers and photo-protective creams with an index of around 50. This cream must be reapplied every few months and used in both summer and winter.

Hydration

Once the wound closes, care must be taken to keep the skin hydrated to ensure that it has sufficient elasticity to regenerate easily. Although as a general rule rosehip and argan oils are valid for moisturizing normal scars, there are specific products for healing more stubborn scars with a more powerful emollient and moisturizing action. It is advisable to have the opinion of a dermatology expert to recommend which is the most suitable for each type of scar.

Extra help

Due to the amount of external factors that can make normal healing difficult, some dermatologists may recommend the application of patches, silicone dressings... developed to improve the healing process. Also, when the passage of time has not succeeded in erasing a scar completely or it has become bulky (hypertrophic or keloid scar) or too pigmented, different types of lasers can be applied to soften it. In the most extreme cases of keloids, surgery may be necessary.

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